TN The Volunteer State - Fraziers


This is one of the many books that I have used as a research tool. It is over 800 pages long. I extracted the Frazier name to help myself with my family research. The book is titled: TENNESSEE The Volunteer State 17691923 - It is full of information and history. For more information please see the bottom of this page. It is not my intent to violate any copyright laws this book may be under. This book was loaned to me and hopefully it can be found in you local public library.



Below is the list of those living in Tennessee, June 1, 1840




The officers from Tennessee of high rank in the Confederate army were:Brigadier-generals--John C. Vaughn, Lucius M. Walker, John W. FRAZER.


The Division of History of the Department of Education, continuing the work begun by the Tennessee Historical Commission, has collected the names and records of those who lost their lives in the World war. To facilitate this work a mother chairman was appointed in each county and they have, with few exceptions, done a work for which the State of Tennessee owes them a debt of gratitude. Through their efforts and those of the History Division of the State the subjoined list has been compiled. Necessarily, it is incomplete. But it is hoped that those who see this list and note the omission of any man who lost his life in the war will promptly communicate the fact to the History Division of the State, in care of the Capitol, Nashville, Tenn. That the Tennessee soldiers were brave is attested by the fact that out of an enlistment aggregating nearly one hundred thousand, more than four thousand lost their lives and many thousands were wounded.


Capt. Leonard FRAZIER, Capt. Harry L. FRAZIER, 1st Lieut. Clyde O. Brewer, Capt. Emerson J. Long, Lieut. George W., Jr. Long, 1st Lieut. Thomas S. Taylor.


Lawrence Brewer, Alva K. Brewer, Jesse S. Brewer, Leonard T. Brewer, Nathan Brewer, Robert A. Brewer, Robert L. Brewer, Robert E. (Col.) Curtis, Harrison (Col.) Curtis, James H. Curtis, Robert L. Curtis, Roy C. Curtis, Samuel J. Curtis, James I. FRAZIER Jr., Alfred FRAZIER, Collins (Col.) FRAZIER, Frank S. FRAZIER, James A. FRAZIER, Walter R. FRAZIER, Frank Gibbons, Arthur W. Gibbons, Joseph W. Gourley, David M. Gourley, Leland C. Griffin, Herbert L. Griffin, Rex Hobson Griffin, Hugh Wiley Gurley, Andrew J. Gurley, Lawrence J. Gurley, Nathan W. (Col.) Gurley, William J. Hutcherson, Clifford E. Hutchinson, Paul Long, Albert Long, Bratcher H. Long, Claude Long, James C. Long, Jesse H. Long, John Long, Thurber McCormick, James F. McCormick, Joseph S. McCormick.


When the Legislature convened in extra session on July 4, 1866, the question of a quorum again arose. Congress had submitted the Fourteenth Amendment to Tennessee for ratification shortly before when the Legislature was not in session. Brownlow had, therefore, issued a call on June 19, 1866, for an extra session and strong opposition in the Lower House immediately developed seeking to defeat ratification by preventing a quorum.

On the first roll call there were fourteen votes less than the necessary two-thirds. In order to enforce a quorum, the House of Representatives issued warrants of arrest for six members whose seats were declared vacant and they were expelled. Two others were arrested but not expelled. Another representative, Pleasant Williams, of Carter County, was arrested by Captain Heydt, special sergeant at arms, and confined in the capitol. He was ordered released upon habeas corpus by Judge FRAZIER of the Criminal Court of Davidson County. But Judge FRAZIER's authority in the premises was denied by the Legislature which commanded16 him to appear before the House of Representatives to answer such charges as might be brought against him because he had granted the writ of habeas corpus. Subsequently Judge FRAZIER was impeached and convicted. When, however, the Conservatives came into power, the disabilities of Judge FRAZIER were removed by the Constitutional Convention of 1870.


In 1902, the democratic candidate for governor was James B. FRAZIER, of Chattanooga. Mr. FRAZIER was one of the leading lawyers of the state, a strong party man, clean, able and one of Tennessee's best speakers. It was his father, Judge Thomas N. FRAZIER, who, during the Brownlow regime, had the courage to grant a writ of habeas corpus upon application of Mr. Williams, of Carter County, who had been arrested and confined in the capitol.

The Legislature refused to acknowledge Judge FRAZIER's authority and he was impeached and convicted. Judge FRAZIER had been a refugee to Nashville from East Tennessee and had been appointed Judge of the Criminal Court of Davidson County, by Andrew Johnson, when he was military governor. He was a conscientious citizen, a good lawyer, and an upright judge. The Constitutional Convention of 1870 removed from him all the pains and disabilities from which he suffered in consequence of his conviction on impeachment. He was subsequently elected by vote of the people to the same position from which he had been deposed and served the full term of eight years.

James B. FRAZIER's republican opponent in the race was Judge H. T. Campbell, 33 generally referred to as Judge Henry T. Campbell, of Carter County, who came from a noble ancestry and was supposed to represent the full republican strength in the state. However, it was an "off" year in politics and the vote for all candidates were light. The result of the election, November 8, 1902, was as follows: James B. FRAZIER, democrat, 98,902; H. T. Campbell, republican, 59,007; R. S. Cheves, prohibitionist, 2,193. The Fifty-third General Assembly convened on January 5, 1903, and adjourned on April 16, 1903, after a session of seventy-six days. It organized by the election of L. D. Tyson, speaker of the House, and Ed T. Seay, speaker of the Senate.

Governor FRAZIER was inaugurated on January 20, 1903, and transmitted his message to the Legislature on January 23rd. The excellent condition of the state was set forth as follows: "It is a matter of congratulation that peace and orderly government prevail within our borders, that a reasonable degree of health and prosperity has blessed Hon. Sam W. Hawkins, who nominated Judge Campbell in the Republican State Convention, June 18, 1902, said:

"The man I am about to name was at the age of twenty-four made attorney-general at his home, and at the end of eight years was elevated to the bench and served there eight years, and during all that time no man was turned away with out full justice. He is a strong man morally and intellectually, and is well fitted to meet the democrats in debate." ( House Journal, 1903, pp. 99-120. )

Like Governor McMillin, Governor FRAZIER perceived clearly the necessity of improving the conditions of the public schools of the state. "In this age," said he, "of civilization and intelligence and of close and sharp competition in every line of human endeavor it is impossible to overestimate the subject of public education to the people of Tennessee." His recommendation to the General Assembly for progress along educational lines resulted in the passage of an act, on February 12th, entitled, "A Bill to be entitled, 'An Act to provide for the disposition of the surplus remaining in the treasury at the end of each year by appropriating it to use for scholastic purposes in the State of Tennessee,' etc."

Governor FRAZIER appointed as state superintendent of Public Instruction, Capt. Seymour A. Mynders, who proved to be one of the most efficient superintendents, Tennessee has had. Under his wise administration and with an increased public school fund the educational interests of the state made great advances. An Act, which, in the light of later events, was significant of progress toward state-wide prohibition was an act36 "to prohibit the sale of intoxicating liquors as a beverage" in towns of not more than five thousand inhabitants hereafter incorporated." The Anti-Saloon League, the W. C. T. U. and the Committee of One Hundred, organized at Nashville, exerted the weight of their influence in favor of this law and, from that time on, were very active in their opposition to the liquor interests.


One of the most comprehensive and thorough laws passed during FRAZIER's administration was the mining act approved by the governor on April 15, 1903, entitled "A Bill to be entitled an Act to provide for the regulation and inspection of mines in the State, and for the safety, welfare and protection of persons employed therein, and providing for penalties for violations of this Act."

It is believed that this bill was drawn by R. A. Shiflet, state mine inspector, at the suggestion of Governor FRAZIER. Certainly it showed great breadth of thought and of investigations in other states, guaranteed thenceforth to the miners every safeguard to protect their lives and health, and gave to the mine operators more frequent and thorough inspections, thereby stimulating them to conduct more intelligently the operations of their properties.

It was of great assistance to Governor FRAZIER when, in February 1904, he went to Coal Creek to see the miners who were on a strike which threatened to become serious. Governor FRAZIER's firmness and appeals to their sense of fairness and public-spiritedness, with the irresistible force of his eloquence, readily put an end to all troubles complained of. In regard to the mining law Governor FRAZIER said later "Prior to 1903 there had been a number of disastrous explosions in the coal mines of the state, resulting in great loss of life and property. Upon investigation, I became convinced that these explosions could be largely, if not entirely, prevented by proper mining laws, and by frequent and rigid inspections. Upon my recommendation a carefully prepared and comprehensive mining act was (Chapter 237, Acts of 1903, p. 520.40 Message to General Assembly, Senate Journal, 1905, p. 26.) passed, providing for two assistants to the Chief Mine Inspector, and for frequent and thorough inspections.

It is gratifying to note that not an explosion of any consequence has occurred, and not a life has been lost from that cause in the mines of the state since said law went into operation.


In 1904, Governor FRAZIER was again nominated by the democrats to succeed himself. His republican opponent this time was Hon. Jesse M. Littleton, who was born on a farm in Roane County, Tennessee. From early youth both he and his brothers gave evidence of the ability which blazed the way for their distinguished careers. Jesse Littleton began his career along business lines; then became successively a newspaper reporter, a lawyer, president of the Winchester Taxing District, mayor of Winchester, circuit judge of the Chattanooga Circuit, republican candidate for governor, and mayor of Chattanooga.

He and Governor FRAZIER stumped the state in joint debate and FRAZIER was elected, as was expected. The vote was as follows: Jas. B. FRAZIER, democrat, 131,503; Jesse M. Littleton, republican, 103,409; John M. Ray, socialist, 1,109.The Fifty-fourth General Assembly convened on January 2, 1905, and adjourned on April 17, 1905. It organized by the election of John I. Cox, speaker of the Senate, and of W. K. Abernathy, speaker of the House. In his biennial message to the Legislature on January 3rd, Governor FRAZIER discussed ably the following topics: Education, the state finances, the penitentiary, coal lands, prisoners, reformatory, criminal insane, Louisiana Purchase Exposition, bureau of immigration and statistics, state equalization board, mining laws, national guard, carrying concealed weapons, fire insurance, the capitol, Confederate pensions, soldiers' home, Confederate cemeteries.

On January 11, 1905, Gen. Wm. B. Bate was reelected United States senator and, on March 9, 1905, died.41 On March 22nd, the Legislature, being still in session, elected Governor FRAZIER to serve Bate's unexpired term and FRAZIER thereupon resigned on March 27th. By this action, in accordance with the provision of Article III, Section 12 of the State Constitution, Hon. John I. Cox, speaker of the Senate, automatically became governor and took the oath of that office on the same day. Hon. E. Rice was elected to succeed Cox as speaker of the Senate. During Governor FRAZIER's administration $615,500 of the bonded debt of the state was paid.

Governor FRAZIER paid this beautiful tribute to him: "In the death of Senator Bate the state loses one of its ablest and purest sons and the nation one of its wisest and most patriotic statesmen. Senator Bate served the people of Tennessee long and faithfully. As a soldier, amid the red glare of battle, he was the personification of chivalric courage. As governor of this Commonwealth he was able, honest and faithful to every obligation. As senator in the halls of Congress, he was wise, conservative and patriotic. In every walk of life Senator Bate stood upon the high plane of purest and noblest citizenship. In all his long career of public service he never once wavered in his devotion to duty and in his absolute fidelity to the interests of the people who honored and trusted him."


The Fifty-seventh General Assembly convened on January 2, 1911, and organized by the election of N. Baxter, Jr., speaker of the Senate, and A. M. Leach, speaker of the House. It adjourned on July 7, 1911, after a stormy session of 145 days. From the very beginning it was realized that there would be a fierce fight between regulars and the coalition of independents and republicans. The regulars wished to secure the repeal or amendment of the prohibition and election laws passed in 1909 and the republicans and independents wished them to remain without change or, if changed, to be made even more stringent. Both factions at the very outset made charges of corruption. The temper of both is indicated by the following excerpt from an editorial in the Nashville Tennessean of January 3, 1911, the next day after the Legislature convened: "It is not a new thing in Tennessee to see bribe givers plying their nefarious avocation, for during the past few years they have infested the capital city like a loathsome brood of vultures seeking whom they may devour, but during all this time until now they have been cautious and skillful.

They have covered their trail of slime with decorum and circumspection, but now in the hour of desperation these defilers and desecraters of the public virtue and public honor parade themselves in open defiance of decency and seek to buy the servants of the people. "Let the debaucher beware! " No less than eight contests were filed in the House and one in the Senate. At first a constitutional quorum was not present in the House because some Tennessee has had only five republican governors.

Brownlow was made governor by war conditions; Senator by a union of conservative republicans and ex-Confederates; Hawkins and Hooper by splits in the democratic ranks, and Alfred A. Taylor, by his own popularity, the popularity of his brother, Robert L. Taylor, plus some dissatisfaction with politics advocated by Governor Roberts. Members-elect did not present themselves to be sworn in. On January 5, 1911, the striking regulars issued a statement addressed "To the People of Tennessee," in which they said in substance that if the contests were decided in favor of the fusionists the latter would have a majority in the House and a majority on joint ballot. Thirty-seven members-elect of the House who had not been sworn in signed this manifesto. At last, however, the warring factions came to an understanding, thirty-four of the thirty-seven recalcitrants were sworn in on January 10th and all the contests were withdrawn. On the same day was begun a strong contest to elect a successor to Senator Jas. B. FRAZIER, whose term would soon expire.

This contest continued until January 23, 1911. Many ballots were taken and, from time to time, many prominent men voted for, including the incumbent, Senator FRAZIER, Ex-Governor Benton McMillin, Hon. Hal. B. Haynes, G. T. Fitzhugh, Col. B. A. Enloe, Hon. Jas. R. Wooldridge, Newell Sanders, Col. L. D. Tyson and Hon. K. D. McKellar. On January 19th, Colonel Enloe came within three votes of securing the coveted prize. On January 23d, Enloe's name was withdrawn and Hon. Luke Lea was nominated and elected. This was a victory for the fusionists.


After a brief illness of but a little more than two weeks, on March 31, 1912, the serene and beautiful spirit of Senator Taylor passed to the other shore. In making announcement of the sad event Col. R. M. Gates, the correspondent of the Memphis Commercial Appeal, wrote: "Washington, D. C., March 31. Our Bob' is dead. Upon every hearthstone in Tennessee this simple announcement will fall with the weight of a (Acts of 1911, p. 98.37 Ibid. p. 45.38 Ibid. p. 70. 39 Ibid. p. 108.40 Senate Journal, 1911, p. 988.) personal sorrow, and in thousands of homes within the borders of other states it will receive the spontaneous tribute of a tear. Death stilled his good and noble heart, in a room which overlooked a little park whose reviving symbols of life and resurrection and message of gladness to mankind he was wont to interpret in eloquent tongue."

A committee of twelve senators and eighteen members of the House of Representatives were appointed to accompany his remains from Washington to Nashville by special train. On April 4th the cortege passed from the railway station to the state capitol, through crowds that lined the streets, and the casket was placed in front of the speaker's stand "in the somber-shadowed hall of the House of Representatives, where he had three times taken the oath of office as governor, and within whose walls he had known defeat and victory in achieving his senatorial ambition," and where it was said by the guardsmen that 60,000 persons passed to gain a view for the last time of Tennessee's most beloved son of all time.

Accompanied by the same official escort the casket was then taken to Knoxville where funeral exercises were held in the Auditorium. An unusual circumstance of this occasion was the fact that five ex-governors of the state were present as honorary pallbearers. Those were Governors Malcolm R. Patterson, Benton McMillin, J. B. FRAZIER, John I. Cox, and John P. Buchanan. DeLong Rice, who was an intimate friend of his for many years, said: "On July 31, 1850, Heaven loaned to Earth the spirit of Bob Taylor and charged him with a glorious mission--to interpret to men the mystic messages of Nature. " He heard and understood the tongueless tattle of brooks and rivers--the thunder--spoken language of the storm. He caught the sylvan stories of the forest that whispers with the borrowed breath of vagrant winds. He learned the jagged dialects of thorns and thistles and the sweet vernacular of flowers that woo the air with the wordless speech of fragrance. He led us to the trysting places of silent blooming things, where timid violets rest in the arms of caves that croon with songs of birds; where the wild honeysuckle, pink gowned princess of the woods, blows breath of dreams in the faces of the enamored hills. "With the magic of his words he opened our ears to melodies that sing in all the sounds that din the world. From a single blast of the hunter's horn he evolved the merry music of the chase; he saddened the landscape with the mournful notes of a dove, and wrapped the vague beauty of the evening twilight hour in the mellow harmonies of distant bells. "With eyes that conned the mute mysteries of trooping worlds he read faraway signals of love that twinkle from the fields of space and warmed of souls before the sun-kindled fires that burn on the cloud-hills of dawn. He played on keys that sound beyond the ken of flesh and blood, and thrill the senses of the spirit. "There has never been another character like him in Tennessee history nor will there ever be.

As his brother Alfred A. Taylor, said of him, "he has passed into the shadowy mysteries that obscure and deepen the starless night of death. He has escaped from the chrysalis of mortality and now lives in the immortality of the spirit. And yet he is near us and about us still; for his words of love and his kindly deeds of service, quickened, as planted seeds, by the tears of sorrow, spring immortal from his grave into perennial bloom to hallow his dust and to bless the living with their glory and their fragrance. And the angel Memory lifts the veil of the Past and we see him face to face as he was, and call him 'Our Bob'; we hear the music of his magic voice and we thrill at the pressure of his hand. And on the mere of mortal life, that narrow boundary line that divides the Hither side from the Beyond, the angel Mercy has planted a cross, and above it the angel Hope has set the Morning Star of Bethlehem; and the angel Faith lifts another veil and we catch a faint gleam of another Sunrise and the low murmuring of a silvery surf that beats on another shore; and we hear the ripple of ineffable music from the river of harmony that flows eternal from another orchestra and another choir; and then our spiritual eyes glimpse him, transfigured, glorified, redeemed, and clothed with the radiant beauty of immortal youth; and as the shining curtain gently falls he smiles and beckons us; and then our rapt souls join in that sweet old refrain, 'Nearer, My God, to Thee!'



Cannon County was erected on January 21, 1836, out of Warren, Coffee, Wilson and Rutherford counties and was named for Newton Cannon, who was governor at that time, and who appointed a commission of five members to establish the lines between Cannon and the adjoining counties and to lay off a public square at Danville which was the name of the county seat until it was changed to Woodbury in honor of Gen. Levi Woodbury. Henry D. McBroom and his brother owned most of the land on and adjacent to the public square of Woodbury and the former gave every alternate lot around it to those who would put up a structure on it. He also owned the only hotel or inn at that time. He later built the Dillon Hotel which was an historic structure. It was burned in 1907. At the time the county was organized the only store in Woodbury (Danville) was that of Henry Wiley.

Among the early pioneers were: Henry D. McBroom, Wm. Hollis, John Wood, Henry Ford, Wm. Mears, Usibel Stone, Benj. Allen, Geo. St. John, Wm. McFerrin, Joshua Barton, Archibald Stone, Asa Smith, Elijah Stephens, Wm. Preston, Sr., Walter Wood, Benjamin Cummings, Sr., Warren Cummings, Wm. Cummings, Sr., John Stone, Andrew Melton, Alexander McBroom, Wm. James, John Wood, James Todd, Benjamin Hale, Jno. Haley, Archibald Hicks, Gideon Rucker, Lonis Jetton, Gabriel Elkins, James Avent, and Lemuel Moore. The first County Court met in May, 1836, at the tavern of Henry D. McBroom, with the following named magistrates in attendance: Thomas Powell, Allen Haley, Joseph Simpson, Blake Sedgley, Isaac Finley, Jas. L. Essary, Isaac W. Ellidge, John Pendleton, I. M. Brown, Elijah Stephens, F. L. Turner, C. C. Evans, John Melton, Samuel Lance, Wm. Bates, John Martin, Wm. B. Foster, John FRAZER, Martin Phillips, Lemuel Moore, Reuben Evans, Jas. Goodwin, Peter Reynolds, Jas. Batey, Joel Cheatham and Jonathan Fuston.


DeKalb County was erected in 1837 out of parts of White, Warren, Cannon, Wilson and Jackson, and was named for Baron DeKalb, an officer in the Revolutionary war, who had fallen at Camden, New Jersey. The act creating this county provided that the first court should be held at the house of Bernard Richardson, near Smithville, which was chosen for the county seat and named for John Smith Bryan, who was commonly called "Smith." The committee the appointed to select the county seat was Thomas Durham, Joseph Banks, Thos. Allen, Watson Cantrell and Joseph Clark. Bernard Richardson gave to the county fifty acres for the county seat, a part of which was laid out in lots, which were sold at public sale.

On March 5, 1838, the county was organized with the following named magistrates in attendance: Lemuel Moore, chairman; Reuben Evans, Joseph Turney, Thomas Simpson, John Martin, Watson Cantrell, David Fisher, Wm. Scott, Samuel Strong, Henry Burton, Martin Phillips, John FRAZIER, Joel Cheatham, Jonathan Fuston, Peter Reynolds and James Batey. A. J. Marchbanks was the first circuit judge, and B. L. Ridley the first chancellor.


Sumner County was erected on November 17, 1786, by act of the Legislature of North Carolina. It was formed from a part of Davidson County and was named in honor of Gen. Jethro Sumner, a gallant officer in the Revolutionary war. It was the second county formed in Middle Tennessee. Cisco says, "the curtain of history arises on Sumner County in the year 1779, when a settlement of a dozen families was formed near Bledsoe's Lick," now Castalian Springs. Before this day, however, Thomas Sharp Spencer and others had come into the Cumberland country, in 1777, had built a number of cabins about one-half mile west of Bledsoe's Lick, and in 1778 had planted some corn. This was the first agricultural effort made by men of the Anglo-Saxon race in Middle Tennessee.

Col. Isaac Bledsoe built a fort or station about a quarter of a mile west of Bledsoe's Lick, and his brother, Col. Anthony Bledsoe, built a fort two and one-half miles north of the Lick, and called it "Greenfield." Asher and others built a fort a little southeast of Gallatin. Forts were also built by John Morgan, Maj. Jas. White, Colonel Sanders, Jacob Zeigler, Capt. Jos. Wilson, ancestor of Judge S. F. Wilson, of the State Court of Chancery Appeals, Kasper Mansker, Hamilton, and others. Among the early settlers were: Col. Isaac Bledsoe, Col. Anthony Bledsoe, Robert Desha, Jordan Gibson, Henry Loving, Wm. Morrison, John Morgan, John Sawyer, Robt. Steele, Jacob Zeigler, Henry Ramsey, Wm. Hall, Hugh Rogan, David Shelby, Geo. D. Blackmore, Jas. and Geo. Winchester, Robt. Peyton, Jos. Wilson, Michael Shafer, Jas. Hayes, Chas. Morgan, Gabriel Black, John Carr, Robt. Brigham, Chas. Campbell, Wm. Crawford, Edward and Elmore Douglass, Jas. Franklin, Richard Hogan, Robt. and David Looney, Geo. Mansker, Benjamin Kuykendall, Thos. Sharp Spencer, John Peyton, Jas. McCain, Benj. Porter, John Withers, Jno. Hamilton, Jno. Latham, Wm. Snoddy, Jas. Cartwright, Jas. McCann, John and Joseph Byrns, Jas. Trousdale, Benj. Williams, Jno. Edwards, Samuel Wilson, John Hall, Wm. Montgomery, Edward Hagan, Gen. Daniel Smith, Wm. FRAZIER, Benj. Sheppard and Redmond D. Berry, who introduced Kentucky bluegrass and brought from North Carolina his blooded, horse Gray Metley.


Tipton County was erected on October 29, 1823, from the Western District, and named "in memory of Capt. Jacob Tipton, who fell at St. Clair's defeat. " By the act, which created, this county provision was made that the County and Circuit Court should meet at the house of Nathan Hartfield until otherwise provided for by law.

Among the early pioneers were Gen. Jacob Tipton, son of Capt. Jacob Tipton, Dr. Hold, Captain Scurry, Major Lauderdale, George W. FRAZIER, K. H. Douglass, and Jesse Benton, brother of Senator Thos. H. Benton. Jesse Benton lived at Randolph and was very active in promoting the interests of that place which posed as a rival to Memphis, and which became a very important center of trade for all the western sections except the counties of Shelby and Fayette. Covington was selected as the county seat, which was located on land donated by John C. McLemore and Tyree Rhodes.

REF PAGES:FRAZER, Gen. John W. page 513

FRAZIER, Senator James B. defeats Judge Campbell for Gov. page 594, Administration of 594-597 re state mining law 596, 597 stops miners' strike 596 reelected, resigns, elected U. S. Senator 597 defeats Littleton 597 tribute of to Bate 597, note 612

FRAZIER, Samuel page 155

FRAZIER, Judge Thomas N. impeached page 532